A healthy ocean is crucial for food security, providing livelihood and cultural heritage, and as part of the solution to climate change, yet the ocean is under pressure from the changing environment and from human activity. Most damaging human activity is already regulated, the challenge is enforcing these regulations on the vast, remote ocean.
Traditional marine enforcement is typically seen as officers on a patrol vessel interdicting non-compliance at sea. This is the most direct but dangerous form of enforcement to which cost is a regular objection. Modern technology enables different approaches to enforcement that overcomes many of the challenges and makes enforcement of even the remotest location possible.